Swollen or puffy gums indicate poor oral hygiene. It speaks volumes about your hormones, diet also signals a larger health issue.
Good oral health involves more than just brushing and flossing your teeth. One tends to forget that along with your teeth, the gums too need proper care and attention. We only incline to care for our gums when we experience bleeding or swelling of our gums. Let us go through the top 10 reasons why you should never ignore swollen gums:
Swollen gums are most commonly a cause of gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. Bacteria and food particles form a film of plaque over teeth over the time.
Gingivitis causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. It might not be painful initially, but if left untreated for long, gingivitis can gradually turn into periodontitis (advanced gum disease) and further lead to loss of the tooth.
Depending on the severity of the issue your dentist might prescribe a low-dose oral antibiotic or a medicated mouthwash. He can also show you proper brushing techniques.
2. Food Stuck in Tooth or Gumline
If only a particular area of your gum is swollen, it could be because of hard food particles like a popcorn kernel trapped below the gum line. In this situation, the body tries to fight off the bacteria that comes along with the trapped food particles.
You need to visit your doctor who will try to remove the root cause of the problem if the inflammation escalates from being a minor discomfort to significant pain.
3. A brewing infection
An infection called gingivostomatitis which is a contagious mouth infection that causes painful sores, blisters, and swelling could make your life difficult. Though this infection is most common in children under 6 it can also occur in adults. The symptoms might disappear without treatment on its own, but your dentist might help you sanitize the affected area.
4. Medicine Side effects
Sometimes your body reacts differently to medicines. Some prescribed medicines can cause swollen gums. If you notice swelling in your gums after you start a new medicine, you should visit your dentist to get an alternative medicine.
5. Vitamin Deficiency
Vitamin deficiencies can lead to several conditions one of which is swollen gums. A balanced diet including Vitamin B and Vitamin C can treat the condition. Your dentist might treat the condition by prescribing you a dose of vitamin supplements.
6. Hormonal changes
Hormones not only affect the blood supply but also causes bright red swollen gums. Women are more likely to be prone to hormonal changes due to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Your dentist might recommend hormonal or vitamin therapy to help you deal with the issue.
7. Ingredients in your toothpaste
Do you know the ingredients in your toothpaste can also cause irritation and gum issues? Some ingredients like hydrogen peroxide, baking soda, etc can cause allergic reactions due to its continuous use. Visiting your dentist might help you understand the root cause of the issue. He might also recommend an alternative toothpaste or an oral health care products.
8. Irritation due to the dental device
Ill fitted dentures, or even Invisalign-type teeth straighteners can cause gum issues. If the devices are poorly fit you might undergo irritation of gums, inflammation and secondary swelling. Your dentist will help you fit the dental device properly and also prescribe medicines for the affected area.
9. Misalignment of teeth
Misalignment of the jaw, Crooked Teeth can cause gingivitis because of undue pressure on the teeth and gums. One cannot properly brush and floss to remove bacterial plaque from Crooked Teeth. A visit to your dentist may help you process realigning and straightening your teeth which will help you avoid gum problems.
10. An underlying health conditions
An underlying health condition like diabetes, leukemia, etc. affects your oral health too. The swelling of gums may be a sign of such an underlying health condition. For example, the higher glucose level in your saliva helps the growth of bacteria that can eventually lead to gum disease.
Gum disease can be treated or prevented by maintaining a good oral health regime. A regular visit to your dentist may help you keep your gums healthy and strong.
American Academy of Periodontology – https://www.perio.org/